Naval Officers of World War I by Arthur Stockdale
Кто есть кто смотрим под катом.
1. Sir Edwyn Sinclair Alexander-Sinclair 1865–1945
Rear-Admiral. In May 1916, after sighting two enemy destroyers
approaching his ship, Alexander-Sinclair’s notifying signal brought
the Battle-Cruiser Fleet, and subsequently the whole Grand Fleet,
into the battle of Jutland.
2. Sir Walter Henry Cowan, 1st Bt. 1871–1956
Rear-Admiral. During the First World War, Cowan saw action in the
battle of Jutland. when his ship, HMS Princess Royal, was damaged
suffering over 100 casualties.
3. Sir Osmond de Beauvoir Brock 1869–1947
Rear-Admiral. Fought at the battles of Heligoland Bight, the Dogger
Bank and the battle of Jutland and became chief of staff for David
Beatty’s Grand Fleet.
4. Sir William Edmund Goodenough 1867–1945
Rear-Admiral. At the outbreak of the War, Goodenough played a
large part in the fghting in Heligoland Bight and was commended
in dispatches for his contribution in the battle of Jutland.
5. Sir Robert Keith Arbuthnot, 4th Bt 1864–1916
Rear-Admiral. During the War, Arbuthnot was involved in the
battle of Jutland, which ended tragically when he and his
squadron came into close contact with German battle cruisers
and dreadnoughts; the resulting fre blew up and
sank Arbuthnot’s cruiser with all hands.
6. Sir Montague Edward Browning 1863–1947
Vice-Admiral. During the War, Browning was commander-in-chief
of the North America and West Indies station and was promoted
vice-admiral in 1917; following the armistice of 1918, he became
president of the allied naval armistice commission and visited the
German naval ports to ensure that the terms were duly carried out.
7. Sir Christopher Craddock 1862–1914
Rear-Admiral. At the start of the First World War, Craddock
commanded the 4th squadron and was ordered to pursue and
destroy Admiral Maximilian von Spee’s ﬂeet of cruisers; his ﬂeet
was much weaker than Spee’s so in the eventual battle, the battle
of Coronel, Craddock’s ships were destroyed and all lives were lost.
8. Sir Horace Hood 1870–1916
Rear-Admiral. During the preliminaries of the battle of Jutland in
May 1916, Hood and many of his squadron perished after their
ship broke in half and sank during fghting with German battle
9. Sir John Michael de Robeck Bt 1862–1928
Vice-Admiral. When the War broke out de Robeck commanded
the 9th cruiser squadron and was then made second in command
of the eastern Mediterranean squadron; de Robeck was promoted
acting vice-admiral, after his predecessor relinquished command;
he returned to England to take charge of the 3rd and then 2nd
battle squadrons, having given up the Aegean command in June
1916; he was created a baronet and became commander-in-chief
in the Mediterranean in 1919.
10. Sir William Pakenham 1861–1933
Vice-Admiral. Pakenham was given command of the 3rd Cruiser
Squadron in 1915 and was Commander-in-Chief of the BattleCruiser Fleet during the battle of Jutland.
11. Sir Reginald York Tyrwhitt, 1st Bt 1870–1951
Rear-Admiral. Served throughout the First World War as commodore
and, from 1918, rear-admiral of the Harwich force and engaged in
the Heligoland Bight and other smaller-scale actions.
12. Roger John Brownlow Keyes,1st Baron Keyes 1872–1945
Vice-Admiral. Was appointed commodore in charge of the
Submarine Service in 1912; he remained in the position until
approximately six months into the War; he was then named chief
of staff to Vice-Admiral Carden and commanded the British naval
forces off the Dardanelles; in 1917, Keyes took up the position of
director of plans at the Admiralty.
13. Sir Cecil Burney, 1st Bt 1858–1929
Admiral. In 1913 Burney took over command of the Second and Third
ﬂeets, which were to become the Channel Fleet on the outbreak of war in
1914; Burney went, in this year, to the 1st battle squadron of the Grand
Fleet, as second in command under Lord Jellicoe; he saw action at the
battle of Jutland and was promoted admiral a few days after its close;
Burney joined the Board of Admiralty as a second sea lord in 1916.
14. David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty 1871–1936
Admiral. His prompt action in August 1914 at Heligoland Bight averted
naval disaster, and his advance initiatives secured victory for the
British Fleet under Admiral Jellicoe at the battle of Jutland in
1916. As commander of the Grand Fleet, Beatty accepted the
surrender of the German High Sea Fleet in 1918.
15. Sir Trevylyan Napier 1867–1920
Vice-Admiral. During the First World War, he commanded the 2nd
and then the 3rd light-cruiser squadrons between 1914 and 1915; he
saw action at the battle of Jutland in 1916 and the second battle of
Heligoland Bight in 1917; Napier commanded the entire light-cruiser
force between 1918 and 1919.
16. Louis Alexander Mountbatten, Marquess of
Milford Haven Prince Louis of Battenburg 1854–1921
Admiral. Made frst sea lord in 1912; he resigned from this position
in 1914 upon fnding it increasingly untenable and as a result of
British losses at sea.
17. Sir Hugh Evan-Thomas 1862–1928
Vice-Admiral. At the outbreak of the War he was second in command
of the 1st battle squadron but was transferred to the command of
the 5th battle squadron the following year; at the battle of Jutland
Evan-Thomas’s squadron acted with the Battle-Cruiser Fleet under the
command of Admiral Sir David Beatty and saw both success and failure
as many German ships were severely damaged, while several British
cruisers were lost; Evan-Thomas was promoted vice-admiral in 1917
and retained command of his squadron until 1918.
18. Sir Frederick Sturdee, 1st Bt 1859–1925
Admiral. During the War, he was appointed commander-in-chief in the
south Atlantic and south Pacifc and achieved victory over German cruisers
at the Falkland Islands in 1914; he was rewarded by a baronetcy in 1916; at
the battle of Jutland, he commanded the 4th battle squadron of the Grand
Fleet and remained in this position until 1918.
19. Sir Arthur Cavenagh Leveson 1868–1929
Vice-Admiral. In 1913 he became naval aide-de-camp to King George
V and rear admiral; he commanded the Australian ﬂeet between
1917 and 1918.
20. Sir Charles Edward Madden, 1st Bt 1892–1935
Admiral. Throughout the First World War, Madden was at sea
continuously; he became John Rushworth Jellicoe’s chief of staff and,
in 1916, was appointed acting admiral; in 1919, he was created a
baronet and put in command of the newly constituted Atlantic Fleet.
21. John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe 1859–1935
Admiral. Jellicoe became Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Fleet in
1914 and, after the decisive battle of Jutland, frst sea lord in 1916.
He introduced the convoy system to defend commercial shipping
against U-boat attack, greatly reducing losses. However, Lloyd George
dismissed him in 1917.
22. Rosslyn Erskine Wemyss, Baron Wester Wemyss
Admiral. At the outbreak of War, he was sent, as base commander at
Lemnos in the Aegean, to prepare for the upcoming assault on the
Dardanelles; Wemyss went on to play an active role in the rest of this
campaign; he replaced John Rushworth Jellicoe as frst sea lord in 1917.
Ranks of all offcers given here as at the end of the First World War.
Titles given as at death.